La lumière pulsée : un traitement efficace des chalazions
Clin Ophthalmol. 2019 Sep 5;13:1727-1733. doi: 10.2147/OPTH.S225506. eCollection 2019.
Low level light therapy for the treatment of recalcitrant chalazia: a sample case summary.
Physicians Protocol, Greensboro, NC, USA.
Science in Vision, Akron, NY, USA.
To evaluate the effects of low-level light therapy (LLLT) on the resolution of recalcitrant chalazia.
PATIENTS AND METHODS:
This was a single-site retrospective chart review of patients with chalazia, all of whom were unresponsive to previous pharmaceutical therapy or surgical intervention, who received a 15 min LLLT treatment in conjunction with a standard pharmaceutical regimen. A second treatment was applied 24 hrs to as late as 2 months if there was no evidence of progression of resolution in appearance.
A total of 26 eyes of 22 patients with relevant history and treatment were reviewed, all with a history of prior pharmaceutical treatment for their chalazia. After a single 15 min LLLT treatment, followed by a standard pharmaceutical regimen, 46% of eyes (12/26) showed resolution of their chalazia. Resolution was noted from 3 days to one-month post-treatment. With a second treatment, the chalazia resolved in 92% of eyes (24/26). Only two eyes of the 26 (8%) required incision and curettage after LLLT treatment.
The use of LLLT for the treatment of recalcitrant chalazia appears to be beneficial in patients who have failed topical and/or systemic therapy, significantly reducing the likelihood of requiring surgical intervention.
© 2019 Stonecipher and Potvin.
EFFICACITE DE LA LUMIERE PULSEE SUR LE DEMODEX
Photobiomodul Photomed Laser Surg. 2020 Jan 27. doi: 10.1089/photob.2019.4737. [Epub ahead of print]
Real-Time Video Microscopy of In Vitro Demodex Death by Intense Pulsed Light.
Fishman HA1, Periman LM2, Shah AA3.
Objective: To directly observe the in vitro real-time effects of intense pulsed light (IPL) on a Demodex mite extracted from an eyelash of a patient with ocular rosacea. Background: Demodex is a risk factor in the pathogenesis of oculofacial rosacea, meibomian gland dysfunction (MGD), and dry eye disease (DED). Recent studies suggested IPL to control or eradicate Demodex organisms in the periocular area. Despite encouraging reports, the direct effect of IPL on Demodex is not well understood. Methods: An eyelash infested with Demodex was epilated from a 62-year-old female patient with oculofacial rosacea. Following isolation and adherence of a mite onto a microscope slide, real-time video microscopy was used to capture live images of the organism before, during, and after administration of IPL pulses. IPL pulses were delivered with the M22 IPL (Lumenis), with IPL settings used for treatment of DED due to MGD (the "Toyos protocol"). A noncontact digital laser infrared thermometer was used to measure the temperature of the slide. Results: Before the IPL pulses, legs of the Demodex mite spontaneously moved in a repetitive and semicircular motion. During administration of IPL, spontaneous movements of the legs continued. Immediately after administration of five IPL pulses, the temperature of the slide increased from room temperature to 49°C. Immediately afterward, the Demodex mite became completely immobilized. The legs appeared retracted, smoother, less corrugated, bulkier, and less well-defined. Movement of the Demodex mite was not observed at the hourly inspections for 5 h and after 24 h following the application of IPL pulses. Conclusions: Our video directly demonstrates the effect of IPL on a live Demodex mite extracted from a freshly epilated eyelash. The results suggest that IPL application with settings identical to those used for treatment of DED due to MGD causes a complete destruction of the organism.
Bibliographie : chalazion et lumière pulsée
la lumière pulsée est depuis plusieurs années utilisée dans le traitement des inflammations des paupières (blépharites), c est cet effet anti-inflammatoire qui la rend efficace dans le traitement des chalazions résistants. Le taux de succès est évalué à 45% après une séance, il s'élève à 80% après 2 séances.